Step 10, Alternative Twelve Steps
I keep paying attention to the causes and effects of my actions, and act accordingly.
Original wording (AA): Continued to take personal inventory and when we were wrong promptly admitted it.
The following audio is a draft of the commentary on Step Ten for the 5th edition of the Proactive 12 Steps. Please help improve it by sharing your comments.
See written transcript immediately below the audio player.
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Transcript (edited for clarity):
After going through steps Four through Nine, you could legitimately feel that you have turned a page. You could think that all that's left now is to live happily ever after. Indeed, you are much more aware of what it is that makes you do what you do. You have identified patterns, you have understood what is behind them, and you have deeply understood how to change these patterns and applied these changes in real life. It is possible that, when you hear about Step Ten and about continuing to pay attention to the causes and effects of your actions, you feel that it's a bit restrictive. But the idea here is not that you are naturally evil, and if you stop paying attention, you will misbehave.
Admittedly, this is the connotation that the original wording of Step Ten has in the traditional 12 Steps. The original text talks about being "wrong" and "admitting it." The Twelve Steps of AA reflect a moral context in which there is a clear sense of right and wrong. You are hurting other people. There's a genuine danger to this approach. It presumes that human nature is inherently evil.
Living in fear of yourself
If you feel that way about yourself, chances are you live in fear of your nature. You feel cramped because, at any time, you might do something terrible, hurtful to other people, unless you are always vigilant. Not only is it unpleasant to live with that sense of having to be constantly vigilant, but it's also counterproductive. It adds to the pressure you are already feeling. You probably don't need more of it in your life. Adding pressure keeps you into a hopeless loop, a vicious cycle: You keep pushing, pushing, pushing to improve, to be the best that you can be. As you keep pushing, you are cracking under too much pressure. This cycle feeds itself.
What we are talking about in the Proactive 12 Steps is something very different. Instead of fostering a sense of distrust in your abilities, you acknowledge your accomplishments and build on them. You see how going through steps 4 through 9 has been helping you understand yourself more. You see that this has been helping adapt what you're doing to be the kind of person you want to be.
There is a sense of pleasure and liberation in being more aware of who you are and to change what you notice happening as it happens. There is a lot of satisfaction in being able to do this moment by moment in your life. When you feel this way, the process of Step Ten is very pleasurable. It is the opposite of feeling a rigid control, living in constant fear that you're going to be doing something terrible. Instead, it is a process of enjoying being conscious of your life and appreciating it moment by moment. You are enjoying the mastery of being able to be who you want to be moment by moment.
Mindfulness as liberation
Ultimately, being mindful does not mean adding to your burdens. It is satisfying, as opposed to something that is imposed on you to cramp your style.
To use a practical example, let's say that you intend to be mindful when you eat. You would like to notice and enjoy your food. If you turn this into an internal critic that is always criticizing the way you eat, you turn this into a nightmarish experience.
It's much better to see it as an opportunity. You say to yourself: "I might be more conscious of how I eat and of how I enjoy my food." When you notice that you're eating without any sense of satisfaction, you don't criticize yourself and put pressure on yourself; you don't force yourself to find joy. You simply notice: "Gee, isn't it strange how I don't find satisfaction in eating?"
Noticing gives you an occasion for pausing and wondering. You might then ask yourself: "Was there a moment when I enjoyed even a small part of this experience?"
It may very well be that all you want is to have your belly full; you do not take any pleasure in the moment-by-moment experience of eating. The point is not to force yourself to experience something you are not experiencing. It is to start a dialogue with yourself. You begin to understand better what happens. Little by little, you give yourself a chance to find something that works for you. It's not a pre-imposed thing. It's not a mold that you have to fit into, or else.
The same goes for paying attention to the causes and effects of your actions. It is possible that, at this point, the process of mindful awareness described in Steps Four through Nine does not give you much of a sense of pleasure. You might see it as cramping your style. You might be longing for the possibility of not having to pay any attention. If this is the case, it's good to notice it. And then, it's not a question of then forcing yourself to pay attention or trying to avoid it altogether. Instead, it is an opportunity to be curious about what it is that makes you uncomfortable with this process. Very gently. You're not trying to shoehorn in a new habit. You're trying to understand better what it is that makes it uncomfortable for you. Little by little, as you know it, you have a higher possibility to change it.
The idea is that you consider that it might be possible for you to be happy and satisfied when you're more mindful of your life. You don't force yourself to be aware. But you explore how the way you pay attention makes you unhappy, or cramped, or impatient or somewhat flooded. As you stay with it, new opportunities open up for you. You come to understand that the goal is not to cut off parts of you for you to become something that corresponds to some abstract idea of good. You have a growing sense that this is a process of liberation and expansion.
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